Painting Tools – What to Use and Where

There are many tools available for applying paint. They all do different jobs. This article will describe a few and discuss where they are best used.
Ask yourself a few questions before you start to save yourself time later. How big is the area you are painting? What material and texture are you painting onto?
Brushes:
A paint brush is the staple of any painting job. Brushes are available in a wide range of sizes. When painting, apply smooth horizontal strokes with emulsion and vertical strokes followed by light horizontal strokes with gloss and oil based paints. To stop the paint running, be careful not to overload the brush with paint. Emulsion is usually painted onto flat walls with a 6 or 8 inch brush and corners are painted with a smaller half inch brush. When painting small areas you should try to use a brush that is the same width or smaller in order to achieve a good finish.
Rollers:
Rollers are used to cover large areas such as walls and ceilings quickly. However, rollers are not suitable for corners as they don’t create neat edges.
Paint rollers come in varying sizes but are normally 7 inches wide. There are different roller covers: short pile wool covers are best suited to oil based paints whereas long pile wool or sheepskin covers are better for painting onto textured surfaces. Foam covers are widely used but often give a bubbly finish. Rollers are generally used with extension handles and roller trays. When painting the roller should be dipped in the paint reservoir and then rolled across the raised area to provide an even spread of paint.
Sprayers:
Sprayers are best used to cover large areas quickly and for exterior painting as they need to have good ventilation. Keep the same distance between you and the wall consistently to ensure an even finish.
Sponges:
Sponges are used primarily to create textured effects on walls. This is useful if your walls are uneven or if you need to hide imperfections. Sponge painting is usually applied on top of another coat of paint.
Paint pads:
Paint pads consist of foam strips with short mohair surfaces and come in a variety of sizes. Small pads are useful for painting behind radiators or in small gaps.